... 1930 -
The depression set off by the stock market collapse in late 1929 is
felt across North America and Europe.
Sept.1, 1939 Germany invades Poland, setting off World War 2
The effect of the world-wide economic depression is compounded in
Western Canada by an extended drought.
In 1936 the Federal Government cancelled debt for feed and wrote off
many advances to to the drought areas.
The effects of the drought on the prairies are felt most acutely in the
southwest corner of the province.
The Farmer’s Creditors Arrangement Act – aims to reduce
farm debt loads.
and the R.M.
A By-Law passed for the provision of seed grain.
Milk cows sell for $30. A phone call is 5 cents, but even at that
price many people gave up the telephone.
An application for an old age pension is approved. The regulations
governing unemployment and direct relief are adopted and rates set:
Laborers, 25 cents/hr.; TeamŽsters with 2 horses, 45 cents/hr.
Council borrows $15,000.00 from 5 ratepayers of the municipality.
The wholesale price of goods was the lowest it has been since 1915.
A ratepayers meeting is held to discuss the advisability of having a
secondary school in the Meliwin district. In view of the existing
conditions it is decided to carry on as usual this year, teaching grade
nine with the assistance of the Correspondence Branch of the Dept. of
Rain is badly needed.
Keyes Station closed after thirty-five years service,
Keyes Station History:
Our first agent was Mr. Thos. Egan, when the station was still called
Midway. Then Mr. Pearson was here about fifteen years; it was during
his stay that the village and station names were changed to Keyes in
honour of the late Wm. Keyes. There followed a number of agents; Mr.
Sunter (eleven years), Mr. McTaggart, Mr. McGordon, Mr. Paradis, and
lastly Mr. Leatherdale. This little station of Keyes not so many years
ago was the second largest shipping point on the line, with both grain
and livestock. Sacks of grain had been piled up in front of the station
like cordwood, after the elevator space was filled and not enough cars
could be procured. The Grain Growers, with Mr. McGregor and Mr. Younger
as shipping agents, reputed Keyes as the company's largest shipping
point in the province. At presŽent the stock shipping is done through
the local co-operaŽtive store with Mr. Foster as shipping agent. Now
the C.P.R. has lost sight of all this and say they must close our
station as it is not paying. The C.P.R. should take the hard times
along with us and let us have our station, and help build up the
community. We might say that our former M.P., Mr. Milne, was
instrumental in keeping the station open the last four or five years.
The section of Highway between Gladstone and the Ridge is coated
with oil, due to its being a very sandy section.
The recent rains in the Mekiwin Distict, while too late to help the
crops, do help the feed situation.
Western Canada's dream of fifty years is realized Sept. 1st. when
twenty-four cars of wheat arrived in the Port of Churchill enroute to
European markets. This is the first wheat ever to come over the Hudson
Bay Railway into the new and modern 2,500,000 bushel elevaŽtor.
10 quarter sections of Manitoba and North West Land Corp. property are
conveyed to the Municipality for arrears of taxes.
Land is purchased by John R. Hofer for Riverside Hutterite Colony.
Council approves Mrs. Pettitt's application for a liŽcense for a
one-bed maternity home.
First Hutterite families arrive at Riverside Colony.
By-Law passed to provide payments for destruction of prairie wolves and
coyotes at $2.00 per animal. A bounty of one cent per gopher killed.
Federal Drought Relief Program established.
The Royal Bank in Arden closed.
A special meeting called regarding the paralysis epidemic.
Grade 12 instruction begins at Arden School.
Council carries out the proposed purchase of certain land west of the
White Mud River for park purposes at the expense of the Arden Village